Colonial Cusqueña Painting of Virgins
The Virgins in the colonial painting Cuzqueña
The figure of the Virgin was very important in all the Viceregal painting in Peru. From the seventeenth century, encasas, temples and convents appear in a massive way. They are characteristic triangular shaped mantles, gold ornaments, jewels and rich fabrics. His poses are hieratic and his volumes flat, reminiscent of the greatness, almost supernatural, of Byzantine painting.
Around the main figure are not less important ornamental details, such as flowers, birds, scenes of miracles, or figures of Santos.For the indigenous figure represented the “Mamacha”, the Great Universal Mother, who protected all beings from nature.
A special place deserves the “Virgin girl spinning”, which represents an Inca princess, spinning, with a curious mix of indigenous and European native elements, as in the case of the double layer, placed according to indigenous tradition. There are very few representations of this Virgin and other virgins in the colonial painting of Cusco.